logo logo European Journal of Educational Management

EUJEM is is a, peer reviewed, online academic research journal.

Subscribe to

Receive Email Alerts

for special events, calls for papers, and professional development opportunities.

Subscribe

Publisher (HQ)

Eurasian Society of Educational Research
7321 Parkway Drive South, Hanover, MD 21076, USA
Headquarters
7321 Parkway Drive South, Hanover, MD 21076, USA
religious culture ethics teacher mobbing religious education

Opinions of Religious Culture and Ethics Teachers on Mobbing

Serkan Gokalp

This study aims to examine the opinions of Religious Culture and Ethics Teachers (RCET) on mobbing in the workplace. The research focuses on RCET&rsqu.


  • Pub. date: June 15, 2024
  • Online Pub. date: May 26, 2024
  • Pages: 73-90
  • 116 Downloads
  • 161 Views
  • 0 Citations
T

This study aims to examine the opinions of Religious Culture and Ethics Teachers (RCET) on mobbing in the workplace. The research focuses on RCET’s definition of mobbing, the reasons for mobbing, the results of mobbing, and the suggestions of RCET to prevent mobbing. This study used the phenomenological method, one of the qualitative research methods. The data obtained from the interview forms were analyzed by the content analysis method. The findings were organized and presented under themes and sub-themes. The study group of the research was determined by a systematic sampling technique, one of the probability-based sampling methods. The study group of the research consisted of 35 RCET working in the middle schools of Mersin central districts in the 2023-2024 academic years. Findings revealed that participants defined the concept of mobbing using terms such as pressure, violence, distress, attack, discomfort, implication, and exposure. It was found that participants expressed reasons for mobbing, such as establishing dominance, jealousy, inadequacy, and conflict of interest. It was determined that participants indicated the results of mobbing, such as asynchrony, inefficiency, failure, resignation, reluctance, and fear-anxiety. The participants suggested solutions such as support, awareness activities, relationships and communication, knowledge of legislation and laws, equality, responsibility, trust, problem identification, solution orientation, and providing education.

Keywords: Religious culture, ethics, teacher, mobbing, religious education.

cloud_download PDF
Cite
Article Metrics
Views
116
Download
161
Citations
Crossref
0

References

Akbaşlı, S., Diş, O., & Durnalı, M. (2020). İlkokul öğretmenlerinin karşılaştıkları yıldırma davranışları ile motivasyon düzeyleri arasındaki ilişki [The relationship between mobbing behaviors primary school teachers encountered and their motivation]. Pamukkale University Journal of Education/Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 49, 564-581. https://doi.org/10.9779/pauefd.596426

Akgül, B. (2017). Rehber öğretmenlerin algıladıkları yıldırma davranışları ile tükenmişlik düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi: Mersin ili örneği [The research of the relationship between the mobbing behaviors, perceived by counselors, and the levels of burnout: Mersin province sample] (Publication No. 475620) [Master’s thesis, Toros University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/3VbGbIU

Alğan, M. (2017). Beden eğitimi ve spor öğretmenlerinin yıldırma (mobbing) eylemlerine ilişkin algılarının farklı değişkenler açısından incelenmesi (Erzurum ili örneği) [Examining different variable ways of the perceptions that related to the mobbing actions of physical education and sports teachers (example of Erzurum)] (Publication No. 451231) [Master’s thesis, Atatürk University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/3VcxJcz

Altunışık, R., Coşkun, R., Bayraktaroğlu, S., & Yıldırım, E. (2010). Sosyal bilimlerde araştırma yöntemleri: SPSS uygulamalı [Research methods in social sciences: With applications of SPSS] (6th ed.). Sakarya Publishing.

Andersen, L. P., Labriola, M., & Andersen, J. H. (2015). Bullied at school, bullied at work: A prospective study. BMC Psychology, 3(35), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-015-0092-1

Bowling, N. A., & Beehr, T. A. (2006). Workplace harassment from the victim's perspective: A theoretical model and meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(5), 998-1012. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.91.5.998

Brank, E. M., Hoetger, L. A., & Hazen, K. P. (2012). Bullying. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 8, 213-230. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-102811-173820

Bulut, S., & Hihi, S. (2021). Bullying in the workplace: The psychological causes and effects of bullying in the workplace. Clinical Research in Psychology, 4(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.33309/2639-9113.040101

Christmas, K. (2007). Workplace abuse: Finding solutions. Nursing Economics, 25(6), 365-367. https://bit.ly/4bJlIRi

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. SAGE Publications.

Culture Factor Group. (2023, October 16). Country comparison tool: Turkey. https://bit.ly/4bKuyOK

Çelebi, N., & Taşçı Kaya, G. (2014). Öğretmenlerin maruz kaldığı mobbing (yıldırma): Nitel bir araştırma [Mobbing experience by teachers: A qualitative research]. Journal of Education and Humanities: Theory and Practice/Eğitim ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori ve Uygulama, 5(9), 43-65. https://bit.ly/3V428cJ 

Çobanoğlu, Ş. (2005). Mobing/işyerinde duygusal saldırı ve kontrol yöntemleri [Emotional assault at the workplace and combat methods]. Timaş Publishing.

Dabu, B., & Drăghici, A. (2013). Mobbing and bullying in business organizations and consequences on human health. Scientific Bulletin – Economic Sciences, 12(1), 63-71. https://bit.ly/3V4ASL9

Daşçı Sönmez, E., & Cemaloğlu, N. (2018). İlköğretim kurumu yöneticilerinin liderlik tarzları ile öğretmenlerin yaşadıkları yıldırma (mobbing) ve örgütsel sessizlik davranışları arasındaki ilişki [The relationship between the leadership styles of primary school administrators and the bullying and organizational silence behaviors experienced by teachers]. Kastamonu Education Journal, 26(6), 1951-1960. https://doi.org/10.24106/kefdergi.2253

Davenport, N., Elliott, G. P., & Schwartz, R. D. (2014). Mobbing: Emotional abuse in the workplace. Civil Society Publishing.

Davidoff, Y., & Shapira-Lishchinsky, O. (2020). Ethics and learning for teacher trainees, team-based simulations in cases of bullying in school. In A. Tatnall (Ed.), Encyclopedia of education and ınformation technologies (713-721). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10576-1_252

D'Cruz, P., & Noronha, E. (Eds.). (2021). Handbooks of workplace bullying, emotional abuse and harassment. Springer.

De Vos, J., & Kirsten, G. (2015). The nature of workplace bullying experienced by teachers and the biophysical health effects. South African Journal of Education, 35(3), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.15700/saje.v35n3a1138

De Wet, C. (2014). Educators’ understanding of workplace bullying. South African Journal of Education, 31(1), 1-16. https://bit.ly/3WVj72y

De Wet, N. C. (2010). The reasons for and the impact of principal-on-teacher bullying on the victims’ private and professional lives. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(7), 1450-1459.   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2010.05.005  

Dhar, R. L. (2012). Why do they bully? Bullying behaviour and its implications on the bullied. Journal of Workplace Behavioural Health, 27(2), 79-99. https://doi.org/10.1080/15555240.2012.666463

Duffy, M., & Sperry, L. (2014). Overcoming mobbing. Oxford University Press.

Duran, E. (2022). Örgütsel güven, mobbing ve işe yabancılaşmaya ilişkin sınıf öğretmeni görüşleri [Classroom teachers' views on organizational trust, mobbing and work alienation] (Publication No. 720040) [Master’s thesis, Amasya University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/3WMZ85X

Erkoyuncu, K. (2023). Öğretmenlerin öz liderlik algısı ile mobbing yaşama düzeyi arasındaki ilişki ve bazı değişkenlere göre incelenmesi [The relationship between teachers' self leadership perception and mobbing that teachers experience and investigation according to some variables] (Publication No. 841332) [Master’s thesis, Gazi University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/3ywez8w

Ertürk, A. (2011). İlköğretim okullarında öğretmen ve yöneticilere yönelik duygusal zorbalık davranışlarının incelenmesi [Investigation of emotional bullying behaviors directed at teachers and administrators in primary schools] (Publication No: 290735) [Doctoral dissertation-Gazi University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center.

Fahie, D., & Devine, D. (2014). The impact of workplace bullying on primary school teachers and principals. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 58(2), 235-252. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2012.725099

Foucault, M. (1988). Madness and civilization: A history of insanity in the age of reason. Vintage Books.

Gentry, R. H., & Whitley, B. E. (2014). Bullying in graduate school: Its nature and effects. The Qualitative Report, 19(36), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2014.1012

Gülcan, M. G. (2015). Teachers’ perceptions regarding mobbing at schools. Educational Research And Reviews, 10(8), 1202-1209. https://doi.org/10.5897/ERR2015.2187

Gülenç, E. (2019). Temel eğitim ve orta eğitim kurumlarında görev yapan öğretmenlerin mobbing yaşama düzeyleri ile örgütsel sessizlik, örgütsel sinizm ve örgütsel bağlılıkları arasındaki ilişki ve bunların bazı değişkenlere göre incelenmesi [The relationship between mobbing experiencing levels of teachers working at primary and secondary schools and organizational silence, organizational cynicism and organizational commitment and investigation of these according to some variables] (Publication No. 720040 ) [Master’s thesis, Gazi University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/4arfc0o

Gülmez, Ş. (2022). Matematik öğretmenlerinin psikolojik yıldırmaya (Mobbing) maruz kalma seviyeleri ile motivasyon düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi [An analysis of the relationship between math teachers mobbing exposure and motivation levels] (Publication No. 781590) [Master’s thesis, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/44So7GR

Hennink, M., & Kaiser, B. N. (2022). Sample sizes for saturation in qualitative research: A systematic review of empirical tests, Social Science and Medicine, 292, Article 114523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114523

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2023). Bullying beyond the schoolyard: Preventing and responding to cyberbullying (3rd ed.). Corwin Publications.

Hodson, R., Roscigno, V. J., & Lopez, S. H 2006. Chaos and the abuse of power: workplace bullying in organizational and interactional context. Work and Occupations, 33(4), 382-416. https://doi.org/10.1177/0730888406292885

Hofstede, G. (2011). Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede model in context. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2(1), 3-26. https://doi.org/10.9707/2307-0919.1014

House, R. J., Wright, N. S., & Aditya, R. N. (1997). Cross-cultural research on organizational leadership: A critical analysis and a proposed theory. In P.C. Earley & M. Erez (Eds.), New perspectives on international industrial/organizational psychology (pp. 535-625). The New Lexington Press/Jossey-Bass Publishers.

İşçitürk, G. B., & Turan, E. Z. (2017). The metaphors of pre-service religious culture and moral knowledge pre-service teachers related to cyber-bullying. Journal of Current Researches on Social Sciences, 7(3) 89-100. https://bit.ly/3VbyPoH

Jarrett, C. (2020, January 20). Workplace bullying is more harmful than we realised. BBC. https://bbc.in/3KbpMhi

Karakoç, B. (2022). Öğretmenlerin okul içerisinde karşılaştıkları mobbing düzeylerinin örgütsel bağlılıklarına olan etkisi [What teachers encounter in school the effect of mobbing levels on organizational commitment]. Bartın University Journal of Educational Research/Bartın Universitesi Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 6(2), 152-166. https://bit.ly/3K8amdA

Kavlak, E. S., & Yıldırım, S. (2021). Öğretmenlerin maruz kaldığı mobbing ile ilgili son 2000-2020 yıllarında yazılmış lisansüstü tezlerin analizi [Analysis of graduate thesis written in 2000-2020 on 'mobbing exposure of teachers']. Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Akademi Dergisi, 6(6), 1218-1244. https://doi.org/10.47994/usbad.950173

Kırel, Ç. (2008). Örgütlerde psikolojik taciz (mobbing) ve yönetimi [Psychological harassment (mobbing) and its management in organizations]. Anadolu University Publications.

Kış, A. (2016). Öğretmenlerin okulda karşılaştıkları yıldırmaya (mobbing) illişkin medeni durumun etkisi: Bir meta-analiz [The effect of marital status on teachers' experiences of bullying (mobbing) at school: A meta-analysis]. Kastamonu Education Journal, 24(2), 463-478. https://bit.ly/3V5yyng

Killoren, R. (2014). The toll of workplace bullying. Research Management Review, 20(1), 1-13. https://bit.ly/3wCgxUn

Kuş, E. (2012). Nicel-nitel araştırma teknikleri [Quantitaive-qualitative research methods]. Anı Publishing House.

Kümbetoğlu, B. (2020). Niteliksel araştırmalarda analiz [Analysis in qualitative research]. Bağlam.

Leach, L. S., Poyser, C., & Butterworth, P. (2017). Workplace bullying and the association with suicidal ideation/thoughts and behaviour: A systematic review. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 74(1), 72-79. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103726

Leymann, H. (1990). Mobbing and psychological terror at workplaces. Violence and Victims, 5(2), 119-126. https://doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.5.2.119

Lichtman, M. (2006). Qualitative research in education: A user’s guide. Sage Publications.

Meyer, K. (2023). Extreme stress mobbing: Approaches for coping and prevention in agile organizations. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-67590-8

Mikkelsen, E. G., Hansen, A. M., Persson, R., Byrgesen, M. F., & Hogh, A. (2020). Individual consequences of being exposed to workplace bullying. In S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf, & C. Cooper (Eds.), Bullying and harassment in the workplace: Theory, research and practice (3rd ed., pp. 163–208). CRC Press.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (2nd ed.). Sage Publications.

Nielsen, M. B., Harris, A., Pallesen, S., & Einarsen, S. V. (2020). Workplace bullying and sleep–A systematic review and meta-analysis of the research literature. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 51, Article 101289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2020.101289

Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do? Wiley-Blackwell.

Öztürk, H., Dereli Eke, E., İpek, N., Müdüroğlu, A., & Faikoğlu, R. (2015). Mobbing (psikolojik yıldırma), örgüt üzerindeki etkileri ve çözüm önerileri [Mobbing (psychological bullying), its effects on the organization and solution proposals]. Sağlık Akademisyenleri Dergisi, 2(1), 27-33. https://bit.ly/3VcZFMf

Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Sage Publications.

Polat, O., & Pakiş, I. (2012). Mobbing: İşyerinde psikolojik taciz [Mobbing: Psychological harassment at work]. Acıbadem University Journal of Health Sciences, 3(4), 211-217. https://bit.ly/4aplbCT

Rai, A., & Agarwal, U. A. (2016). Workplace bullying: A review and future research directions. South Asian Journal of Management, 23(3), 27-56. https://bit.ly/3WNgXlw

Riley, D., Duncan, D. J., & Edwards, J. (2011). Staff bullying in Australian schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 49(1), 7-30. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578231111102036

Sansone, R. A., & Sansone, L. A. (2015). Workplace bullying: A tale of adverse consequences. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, 12(1-2), 32-37.

Sorrell, D. A. (2015). Workplace bullying in education. Journal of Bullying and Social Aggression, 1(2), 35-59. . https://bit.ly/4bKAoA5

Şengül, H., Dinç, G., Kocabaş, B., Kayacık, H., Erol, M., & Düzce, M. (2023). Öğretmenlerin mobbing algıları [Teachers' mobbing perceptions]. Premium E-Journal of Social Sciences, 7(31), 515-527. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8116440

Şimşek Ertek, S. (2009). Yıldırma ve yıldırma mağduru öğretmenler üzerine bir araştırma [Mobbing and a survey related to mobbing wronged teachers] (Publication No. 271245) [Master’s thesis, Beykent University-Ankara]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/4bvlDAK

Tan, Ç., Aktaş, Y., & Akpunar, E. N. (2017). Teachers' mobbing perception: a qualitative analysis. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 7(10), 768-771. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2017.7.10.970

Tekşen, K. (2023). Öğretmenlerin yaşadıkları mobbing davranışlarını sosyal ağ analizi tekniği ile saptama ve mobbing sürecini değerlendirme [To determine the mobbing behaviors experienced by teachers with the social network analysis technique and to evaluate the mobbing process] (Publication No. 785488) [Doctoral dissertation, Gazi University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/3QVPMAV

Tepebaşılı, H. K. (2024). Mobbing ile yabancılaşma ilişkisi: Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi araştırma görevlileri üzerine bir araştırma [The relationship between mobbing and alienation: A research on Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University research assistant] (Publication No. 857295) [Master’s thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center. https://bit.ly/3QVrfw0

Thomas, T. (2017). Bullying is not just for the playground: Teacher experiences with administrator mistreatment in the workplace and its impact on instruction [Doctoral dissertation, The University of Alabama]. UAB Digital Commons. https://bit.ly/3R0E5ch

Tınaz, P. (2006). İşyerinde psikolojik taciz (mobbing) [Psychological harassment at work (mobbing)]. Çalışma ve Toplum, 3, 11-22. https://bit.ly/4bJcmEZ

Uğurlu, C. T., Çağlar, Ç., & Güneş, H. (2012). Ortaöğretim okullarında yıldırma (mobbing) davranışlarına ilişkin öğretmen görüşleri [Teachers' opinions on bullying (mobbing) behaviors in secondary schools]. Turkish Journal of Educational Sciences, 10(4), 718-749. https://bit.ly/3yqfR4W

Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2018). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri [Qualitative research methods in social sciences] (11th ed.). Seçkin Publications.

Zapf, D., & Einarsen, S. (2003). Individual antecedents of bullying: Victims and perpetrators. In S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf C., & L. Cooper (Eds.), Bullying and emotional abuse in the workplace: International perspectives in research and practice (pp. 165-184). Taylor & Francis.

...